The Republic of Iraq (officially: Arabic جمهورية العراق, DMG humhūriyyat al-‘Irāq, Kurdish كۆماری عێراق Komarî Êraq), short Iraq or (international) also Iraq, is a state in the Middle East. It is bordered by Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria, Turkey, Iran and the Persian Gulf and includes most of the “Mesopotamia” Mesopotamia located between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers, where the earliest advanced civilizations of the Near East emerged, as well as parts the adjacent desert and mountain regions. He is counted among the Mashrek states. The northern part of the country is formed by the autonomous Kurdistan region, which has its own parliament and armed forces (Peshmerga).
With about 38 million inhabitants, Iraq is one of the five largest countries in the Arab world. Its capital and largest city is the metropolis of Baghdad, other megacity are also Basra, Mosul, Erbil, Sulaimaniya, Najaf, Kirkuk and Kerbela. Refugee movements in the 20th and 21st centuries led to rapid urbanization in the country. Iraq ranks fourth in the world rankings of the most resource-rich countries, its economy is based mainly on oil exports and, to a lesser extent, on agriculture.
Today’s Iraq was formed in 1920 from the three Ottoman provinces of Baghdad, Mosul and Basra. From 1921 to 1958, the kingdom of Iraq existed, in 1958 the king was deposed by a military coup and the Republic proclaimed. From 1979 to 2003, the country was ruled by Saddam Hussein dictatorial, the country led wars against its neighbors Iran and Kuwait. The Iran war was supported by the Soviet Union and the United States. A US-led multinational invasion force overthrew Saddam Hussein’s regime in 2003, but failed to build stable structures for the post-war era. The infrastructure of the country was largely destroyed.
Departure: by appointment
Departure terminal: by appointment
Duration: 5-8 days?
Arrival terminal: by appointment
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Consulate General of the Federal Republic of Germany
Head / conductor
Barbara Wolf, Consul General
+49 228 177 17 91 00
Mobile phone number
+964 750 790 79 09
Kirkuk Road, opp. Salahaddin University
Sunday to Thursday 09:00 to 12:00
District / Consular District
Kurdistan-Iraq region (Erbil, Dohuk, Suleimaniya, Halabja provinces)
German, Kurdish, English, Arabic